The hypoxic training means you are exposing your body to the hypoxic environments (one that limit amount of oxygen that reaches to the tissues) quite long to extract physiological adaptations. Such adaptations improve your body’s capability to use this oxygen and boost the aerobic capacity of an athlete. Result will be athlete’s move for an extensive time at an increased pace and recover quickly between the exercise sessions. These effects are mainly caused by production of red blood cells that carry oxygen throughout your body.
There appears to be the dose dependent reaction, or even the threshold of sorts on such adaptations. Also, this process takes over 2 to 3 weeks for delivering the maximum benefits. The results are not everlasting, since RBC mass gets normal in 15 days after an athlete drops under the aforementioned altitude.
What Can One Benefit From It?
It might seem like distance runners or endurance athletes will only benefit from the hypobaric chamber. Although such athletes benefit notably, nearly all the athletes have a chance to gain from such training. Although the physiological variations do not directly takeover their performance at the sea level, and athletes who compete in high altitudes must should consider acclimating it before the competition.
Earlier, several athletes have trained on higher altitudes, just in a hope of increasing their capability to use more of oxygen. They have done at a lower cost of performance stimuli during the training. Athletes got adapted but hindered their capability of performing by exposing it to hypoxia that prevented them to train as firm as they can at the sea level. Thus, their performance measurements didn’t always correlate, and leading to the mixed results. At worst, increase in their performance would have resulted from the instruction of these camps rather than the exposure of higher altitude.
Create Positive Effects
The exercise scientists were also challenged to generate the positive outcomes of the higher altitude in an environment of the normal oxygen concentration. For the endurance runners, it can be as easy as supplying oxygen when training at an altitude. For the dynamic athletes, it would need the elaborate approach, like sleeping in the hypoxic tents when training and living at the sea level. In this way an athlete are exposed to a hypoxic environment for many hours in a day, generally done by sleeping in the tent. Athlete trains generally and doesn’t need to relocate and travel to get either the low normoxic training or high altitude exposure. This “living high” (2,500 to 3,000 meters over sea level) for 8 – 10 hours per day and “training low” (under 1,200 meters below sea level) for 18days has shown huge improvements that can last for 15 days after the exposure.